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Mittelmeer Wiki

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Mittelmeer Wiki

Unterkategorien. Es werden 18 von insgesamt 18 Unterkategorien in dieser Kategorie angezeigt: In Klammern die Anzahl der enthaltenen Kategorien (K). Das Mittelmeer ist ein Binnenmeer auf der Erde. Im Norden grenzt es an den Kontinent Europa, im. die sich vor allem im vom Ozean nahezu abgeschlossenen Mittelmeer finden. Verantwortlich dafür könnten Veränderungen des Salzgehalts.

Mittelmeer (Gewässer)

Das Klexikon ist wie eine Wikipedia für Kinder und Schüler. Das Wichtigste einfach erklärt, mit Definition, vielen Bildern und Karten in über Mittelmeere sind große Nebenmeere, die zwischen Kontinenten liegen. Auf der Erde gibt es folgende Mittelmeere: (Europäisches) Mittelmeer zwischen Afrika. die sich vor allem im vom Ozean nahezu abgeschlossenen Mittelmeer finden. Verantwortlich dafür könnten Veränderungen des Salzgehalts.

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Plattentektonik und Kontinentaldrift - Die Kontinente haben sich immer wieder verschoben

Weitere Verbindungen bestehen über die Dardanellen , das Marmarameer und den Bosporus zum Schwarzen Meer und über den Sueskanal zum Roten Meer.

Das Meer umfasst eine Fläche von ca. Aufgrund der klimabedingten starken Verdunstung weist das Mittelmeer einen höheren Salzgehalt auf als der Atlantik und das Schwarze Meer.

Diese Strömung lässt sich bis Ägypten nachweisen. In winter, the strong winds and precipitation over the basin generate vertical mixing , bringing nutrients from the deep waters to the surface, where phytoplankton can convert it into biomass.

Between March and April, spring offers the ideal trade-off between light intensity and nutrient concentrations in surface for a spring bloom to occur.

In summer, high atmospheric temperatures lead to the warming of the surface waters. The resulting density difference virtually isolates the surface waters from the rest of the water column and nutrient exchanges are limited.

As a consequence, primary productivity is very low between June and October. Oceanographic expeditions uncovered a characteristic feature of the Mediterranean Sea biogeochemistry: most of the chlorophyll production does not occur on the surface, but in sub-surface waters between 80 and meters deep.

Redfield demonstrated that most of the world's oceans have an average N:P ratio around However, the Mediterranean Sea has an average N:P between 24 and 29, which translates a widespread phosphorus limitation.

Because of its low productivity, plankton assemblages in the Mediterranean Sea are dominated by small organisms such as picophytoplankton and bacteria.

The geologic history of the Mediterranean Sea is complex. Underlain by oceanic crust , the sea basin was once thought to be a tectonic remnant of the ancient Tethys Ocean ; it is now known to be a structurally younger basin, called the Neotethys , which was first formed by the convergence of the African and Eurasian plates during the Late Triassic and Early Jurassic.

Because it is a near-landlocked body of water in a normally dry climate, the Mediterranean is subject to intensive evaporation and the precipitation of evaporites.

The Messinian salinity crisis started about six million years ago mya when the Mediterranean became landlocked, and then essentially dried up. There are salt deposits accumulated on the bottom of the basin of more than a million cubic kilometres—in some places more than three kilometres thick.

Scientists estimate that the sea was last filled about 5. Water poured in from the Atlantic Ocean through a newly breached gateway now called the Strait of Gibraltar at an estimated rate of about three orders of magnitude one thousand times larger than the current flow of the Amazon River.

Coastal areas have submarine karst springs or vrulja s, which discharge pressurised groundwater into the water from below the surface; the discharge water is usually fresh, and sometimes may be thermal.

The Mediterranean basin and sea system was established by the ancient African-Arabian continent colliding with the Eurasian continent. As Africa-Arabia drifted northward, it closed over the ancient Tethys Ocean which had earlier separated the two supercontinents Laurasia and Gondwana.

The broad line of collisions pushed up a very long system of mountains from the Pyrenees in Spain to the Zagros Mountains in Iran in an episode of mountain-building tectonics known as the Alpine orogeny.

The Neotethys grew larger during the episodes of collisions and associated foldings and subductions that occurred during the Oligocene and Miocene epochs 34 to 5.

Accordingly, the Mediterranean basin consists of several stretched tectonic plates in subduction which are the foundation of the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea.

Various zones of subduction contain the highest oceanic ridges, east of the Ionian Sea and south of the Aegean. The Central Indian Ridge runs east of the Mediterranean Sea south-east across the in-between [ clarification needed ] of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula into the Indian Ocean.

During Mesozoic and Cenozoic times, as the northwest corner of Africa converged on Iberia, it lifted the Betic-Rif mountain belts across southern Iberia and northwest Africa.

There the development of the intramontane Betic and Rif basins created two roughly parallel marine gateways between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.

Dubbed the Betic and Rifian corridors , they gradually closed during the middle and late Miocene: perhaps several times. The start of the MSC was recently estimated astronomically at 5.

After the initial drawdown [ clarification needed ] and re-flooding, there followed more episodes—the total number is debated—of sea drawdowns and re-floodings for the duration of the MSC.

It ended when the Atlantic Ocean last re-flooded the basin—creating the Strait of Gibraltar and causing the Zanclean flood —at the end of the Miocene 5.

Some research has suggested that a desiccation-flooding-desiccation cycle may have repeated several times, which could explain several events of large amounts of salt deposition.

The present-day Atlantic gateway, the Strait of Gibraltar , originated in the early Pliocene via the Zanclean Flood.

As mentioned, there were two earlier gateways: the Betic Corridor across southern Spain and the Rifian Corridor across northern Morocco.

The Betic closed about 6 mya, causing the Messinian salinity crisis MSC ; the Rifian or possibly both gateways closed during the earlier Tortonian times, causing a " Tortonian salinity crisis " from Both "crises" resulted in broad connections between the mainlands of Africa and Europe, which allowed migrations of flora and fauna—especially large mammals including primates—between the two continents.

The Vallesian crisis indicates a typical extinction and replacement of mammal species in Europe during Tortonian times following climatic upheaval and overland migrations of new species: [98] see Animation: Messinian salinity crisis and mammal migrations , at right.

The almost complete enclosure of the Mediterranean basin has enabled the oceanic gateways to dominate seawater circulation and the environmental evolution of the sea and basin.

Circulation patterns are also affected by several other factors—including climate, bathymetry, and water chemistry and temperature—which are interactive and can induce precipitation of evaporites.

Deposits of evaporites accumulated earlier in the nearby Carpathian foredeep during the Middle Miocene , and the adjacent Red Sea Basin during the Late Miocene , and in the whole Mediterranean basin during the MSC and the Messinian age.

Many diatomites are found underneath the evaporite deposits, suggesting a connection between their [ clarification needed ] formations. Today, evaporation of surface seawater output is more than the supply input of fresh water by precipitation and coastal drainage systems, causing the salinity of the Mediterranean to be much higher than that of the Atlantic—so much so that the saltier Mediterranean waters sink below the waters incoming from the Atlantic, causing a two-layer flow across the Strait of Gibraltar: that is, an outflow submarine current of warm saline Mediterranean water, counterbalanced by an inflow surface current of less saline cold oceanic water from the Atlantic.

In the s, Herman Sörgel proposed the building of a hydroelectric dam the Atlantropa project across the Straits, using the inflow current to provide a large amount of hydroelectric energy.

The underlying energy grid was also intended to support a political union between Europe and, at least, the Maghreb part of Africa compare Eurafrika for the later impact and Desertec for a later project with some parallels in the planned grid.

The end of the Miocene also marked a change in the climate of the Mediterranean basin. Fossil evidence from that period reveals that the larger basin had a humid subtropical climate with rainfall in the summer supporting laurel forests.

The shift to a "Mediterranean climate" occurred largely within the last three million years the late Pliocene epoch as summer rainfall decreased.

The subtropical laurel forests retreated; and even as they persisted on the islands of Macaronesia off the Atlantic coast of Iberia and North Africa, the present Mediterranean vegetation evolved, dominated by coniferous trees and sclerophyllous trees and shrubs with small, hard, waxy leaves that prevent moisture loss in the dry summers.

Much of these forests and shrublands have been altered beyond recognition by thousands of years of human habitation.

There are now very few relatively intact natural areas in what was once a heavily wooded region. Because of its latitude and its landlocked position, the Mediterranean is especially sensitive to astronomically induced climatic variations, which are well documented in its sedimentary record.

Since the Mediterranean is subject to the deposition of eolian dust from the Sahara during dry periods, whereas riverine detrital input prevails during wet ones, the Mediterranean marine sapropel -bearing sequences provide high-resolution climatic information.

These data have been employed in reconstructing astronomically calibrated time scales for the last 9 Ma of the Earth's history, helping to constrain the time of past geomagnetic reversals.

Unlike the vast multidirectional ocean currents in open oceans within their respective oceanic zones ; biodiversity in the Mediterranean Sea is that of a stable one due to the subtle but strong locked nature of currents which affects favorably, even the smallest macroscopic type of volcanic life form.

The stable marine ecosystem of the Mediterranean Sea and sea temperature provides a nourishing environment for life in the deep sea to flourish while assuring a balanced aquatic ecosystem excluded from any external deep oceanic factors.

It is estimated that there are more than 17, marine species in the Mediterranean Sea with generally higher marine biodiversity in coastal areas , continental shelves , and decreases with depth.

As a result of the drying of the sea during the Messinian salinity crisis , [] the marine biota of the Mediterranean are derived primarily from the Atlantic Ocean.

The North Atlantic is considerably colder and more nutrient-rich than the Mediterranean, and the marine life of the Mediterranean has had to adapt to its differing conditions in the five million years since the basin was reflooded.

The Alboran Sea is a transition zone between the two seas, containing a mix of Mediterranean and Atlantic species. The Alboran Sea has the largest population of bottlenose dolphins in the Western Mediterranean, is home to the last population of harbour porpoises in the Mediterranean, and is the most important feeding grounds for loggerhead sea turtles in Europe.

The Alboran Sea also hosts important commercial fisheries, including sardines and swordfish. The Mediterranean monk seals live in the Aegean Sea in Greece.

In , the World Wildlife Fund raised concerns about the widespread drift net fishing endangering populations of dolphins, turtles, and other marine animals such as the spiny squat lobster.

There was a resident population of killer whale in the Mediterranean until the s, when they went extinct, probably due to longterm PCB exposure.

There are still annual sightings of killer whale vagrants. For 4, years, human activity has transformed most parts of Mediterranean Europe, and the "humanisation of the landscape" overlapped with the appearance of the present Mediterranean climate.

Based on a broad variety of methods, e. The historical evolution of climate, vegetation and landscape in southern Europe from prehistoric times to the present is much more complex and underwent various changes.

For example, some of the deforestation had already taken place before the Roman age. While in the Roman age large enterprises such as the latifundia took effective care of forests and agriculture, the largest depopulation effects came with the end of the empire.

Some [ who? Also, the climate has usually been unstable and there is evidence of various ancient and modern " Little Ice Ages ", [] and plant cover accommodated to various extremes and became resilient to various patterns of human activity.

Human activity was therefore not the cause of climate change but followed it. The greatest human-induced changes, however, came after World War II , in line with the "s syndrome" [] as rural populations throughout the region abandoned traditional subsistence economies.

Grove and Rackham suggest that the locals left the traditional agricultural patterns and instead became scenery-setting agents [ clarification needed ] for tourism.

This resulted in more uniform, large-scale formations [ of what? The region has a variety of geological hazards which have closely interacted with human activity and land use patterns.

Among others, in the eastern Mediterranean, the Thera eruption , dated to the 17th or 16th century BC, caused a large tsunami that some experts hypothesise devastated the Minoan civilisation on the nearby island of Crete, further leading some to believe that this may have been the catastrophe that inspired the Atlantis legend.

The region around Vesuvius including the Phlegraean Fields Caldera west of Naples are quite active [] and constitute the most densely populated volcanic region in the world where an eruptive event may occur within decades.

Vesuvius itself is regarded as quite dangerous due to a tendency towards explosive Plinian eruptions. The large experience [ clarification needed ] of member states and regional authorities has led to exchange [ of what?

The European Union Solidarity Fund EUSF was set up to respond to major natural disasters and express European solidarity to disaster-stricken regions within all of Europe.

Forest fires, whether man made or natural, are a frequent and dangerous hazard in the Mediterranean region. For example, the Messina earthquake and tsunami took more than , lives in Sicily and Calabria and was among the most deadly natural disasters in modern Europe.

The opening of the Suez Canal in created the first salt-water passage between the Mediterranean and the Red Sea. The Red Sea is higher than the Eastern Mediterranean , so the canal functions as a tidal strait that pours Red Sea water into the Mediterranean.

The Bitter Lakes , which are hyper-saline natural lakes that form part of the canal, blocked the migration of Red Sea species into the Mediterranean for many decades, but as the salinity of the lakes gradually equalised with that of the Red Sea, the barrier to migration was removed, and plants and animals from the Red Sea have begun to colonise the Eastern Mediterranean.

The Red Sea is generally saltier and more nutrient-poor than the Atlantic, so the Red Sea species have advantages over Atlantic species in the salty and nutrient-poor Eastern Mediterranean.

Accordingly, Red Sea species invade the Mediterranean biota, and not vice versa; this phenomenon is known as the Lessepsian migration after Ferdinand de Lesseps , the French engineer or Erythrean "red" invasion.

The construction of the Aswan High Dam across the Nile River in the s reduced the inflow of freshwater and nutrient-rich silt from the Nile into the Eastern Mediterranean, making conditions there even more like the Red Sea and worsening the impact of the invasive species.

Invasive species have become a major component of the Mediterranean ecosystem and have serious impacts on the Mediterranean ecology, endangering many local and endemic Mediterranean species.

This makes the Canal the first pathway of arrival of alien species into the Mediterranean. The impacts of some Lessepsian species have proven to be considerable, mainly in the Levantine basin of the Mediterranean, where they are replacing native species and becoming a familiar sight.

According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature definition, as well as Convention on Biological Diversity CBD and Ramsar Convention terminologies, they are alien species, as they are non-native non-indigenous to the Mediterranean Sea, and they are outside their normal area of distribution which is the Indo-Pacific region.

When these species succeed in establishing populations in the Mediterranean Sea, compete with and begin to replace native species they are "Alien Invasive Species", as they are an agent of change and a threat to the native biodiversity.

In the context of CBD, "introduction" refers to the movement by human agency, indirect or direct, of an alien species outside of its natural range past or present.

The Suez Canal, being an artificial man made canal, is a human agency. Lessepsian migrants are therefore "introduced" species indirect, and unintentional.

Whatever wording is chosen, they represent a threat to the native Mediterranean biodiversity, because they are non-indigenous to this sea.

In recent years, the Egyptian government's announcement of its intentions to deepen and widen the canal have raised concerns from marine biologists , fearing that such an act will only worsen the invasion of Red Sea species into the Mediterranean, and lead to even more species passing through the canal.

In recent decades, the arrival of exotic species from the tropical Atlantic has become noticeable. Whether this reflects an expansion of the natural area of these species that now enter the Mediterranean through the Gibraltar strait, because of a warming trend of the water caused by global warming ; or an extension of the maritime traffic; or is simply the result of a more intense scientific investigation, is still an open question.

While not as intense as the "Lessepsian" movement, the process may be of scientific interest and may therefore [ non sequitur ] warrant increased levels of monitoring.

Coastal ecosystems also appear to be threatened by sea level rise , especially enclosed seas such as the Baltic , the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

These seas have only small and primarily east—west movement corridors , which may restrict northward displacement of organisms in these areas.

Pollution in this region has been extremely high in recent years. One of them is the Mediterranean monk seal which is considered to be among the world's most endangered marine mammals.

The Mediterranean is also plagued by marine debris. A study of the seabed using trawl nets around the coasts of Spain, France and Italy reported a particularly high mean concentration of debris; an average of 1, items per km 2.

Some of the world's busiest shipping routes are in the Mediterranean Sea. In particular, the Maritime Silk Road from Asia and Africa leads through the Suez Canal directly into the Mediterranean Sea to its deep-water ports in Piraeus , Trieste , Genoa , Marseilles and Barcelona.

It is estimated that approximately , merchant vessels of more than tonnes cross the Mediterranean Sea each year—about one third of the world's total merchant shipping.

These ships often carry hazardous cargo, which if lost would result in severe damage to the marine environment.

The discharge of chemical tank washings and oily wastes also represent a significant source of marine pollution. The Mediterranean Sea constitutes 0.

A major oil spill could occur at any time in any part of the Mediterranean. The coast of the Mediterranean has been used for tourism since ancient times, as the Roman villa buildings on the Amalfi Coast or in Barcola show.

From the end of the 19th century, in particular, the beaches became places of longing for many Europeans and travelers.

From then on, and especially after World War II, mass tourism to the Mediterranean began with all its advantages and disadvantages. While initially the journey was by train and later by bus or car, today the plane is increasingly used.

Tourism is today one of the most important sources of income for many Mediterranean countries, despite the man-made geopolitical conflicts [ clarification needed ] in the region.

The countries have tried to extinguish rising man-made chaotic zones [ clarification needed ] that might affect the region's economies and societies in neighboring coastal countries, and shipping routes.

Naval and rescue components in the Mediterranean Sea are considered to be among the best [ citation needed ] due to the rapid cooperation between various naval fleets.

Unlike the vast open oceans, the sea's closed position facilitates effective naval and rescue missions [ citation needed ] , considered the safest [ citation needed ] and regardless of [ clarification needed ] any man-made or natural disaster.

Tourism is a source of income for small coastal communities, including islands, independent of urban centers. However, tourism has also played major role in the degradation of the coastal and marine environment.

Rapid development has been encouraged by Mediterranean governments to support the large numbers of tourists visiting the region; but this has caused serious disturbance to marine habitats by erosion and pollution in many places along the Mediterranean coasts.

Tourism often concentrates in areas of high natural wealth [ clarification needed ] , causing a serious threat to the habitats of endangered species such as sea turtles and monk seals.

Reductions in natural wealth may reduce the incentive for tourists to visit. Fish stock levels in the Mediterranean Sea are alarmingly low.

Sizilien ist mit mehr als 5 Millionen Einwohnern mit Abstand die bevölkerungsreichste Mittelmeerinsel. An der Westküste des Mittelmeers liegt die Iberische Halbinsel mit Spanien und Portugal, welche im Norden und im Westen vom Atlantik gesäumt wird und im Nordosten durch das Pyrenäengebirge mit Frankreich verbunden ist.

Auch Kleinasien wird bisweilen als Halbinsel zwischen Schwarzem und Mittelmeer gesehen. An der weit weniger gegliederten Südküste des Mittelmeers liegen die Halbinseln Cap Bon in Tunesien und die Kyrenaika in Libyen.

In das Mittelmeer bzw. Hinzu kommt der Wasserüberschuss des Schwarzen Meeres über den Bosporus und das Marmarameer. Den Assyrern war das Mittelmeer seit Tiglat-pileser III.

In der Antike wurde das Mittelmeer von den Römern Mare Nostrum genannt, was unser Meer bedeutet, da das Römische Reich Imperium Romanum zeitweise das gesamte Mittelmeer umschloss.

Das Europäische Mittelmeer ist ein Überrest der Tethys , eines weltumspannenden Urozeans , der den globalen Superkontinent Pangäa umgab.

Die Bildung des Mittelmeeres ist zunächst Resultat der Öffnung Pangäas und der Drift der Afrikanischen Platte nach Norden. Vor 7 Millionen Jahren trocknete das Mittelmeer vollständig aus, da der Meeresspiegel aufgrund einer Vereisung am Südpol um etwa 50 Meter sank.

Die sich bildende Salzwüste sog. Messinische Salinitätskrise zeigt sich noch heute am Meeresboden in Form mächtiger tertiärer Gips - und Salzlager.

Einige Jahrtausende später wurde das Becken des Mittelmeers durch einströmendes Wasser aus dem Atlantik wieder gefüllt. Vor der Mündung von Rhone , Nil , und Ebro lagen ausgedehnte Ebenen.

Der Eingang der Henry-Cosquer-Höhle mit prähistorischen Felszeichnungen liegt heute 36 Meter unter dem Meeresspiegel.

Die Barriere zum Schwarzen Meer wurde etwa v. Im westlichen Mittelteil befindet sich das Tyrrhenische Becken im Tyrrhenischen Meer mit einer Tiefe von bis zu 3.

Seit den er Jahren kommt es zu Konflikten um den Zugang zwischen der EU insbesondere der Republik Zypern und Griechenland und der Türkei.

Der Gasstreit ist Teil des Zypernkonfliktes sowie des Grenzkonflikts zwischen Griechenland und der Türkei. Der U. Das in diesem Seebecken im Levantischen Meer lagernde Erdgas könnte den Energiebedarf der direkten Anrainerstaaten, zu denen Syrien , Israel , Libanon , und Zypern zählen, für viele Jahrzehnte decken.

Demnach hat ein Staat in einer Meilen-Zone das alleinige Recht zur Ausbeutung von Bodenschätzen.

Völkerrechtlich untersteht nach wie vor die gesamte Insel der Republik Zypern. Die Türkei hat das Seerechtsabkommen der UN jedoch nie unterschrieben.

Die Türkei argumentiert, dass Inseln keine AWZ haben, und sieht ihre Gasforschung daher als legitim an. Die Türkei sieht stattdessen die Küstenlinie der Festlandmasse im östlichen Mittelmeer als ausschlaggebend an.

Die Türkei fordert eine Beteiligung der international nicht anerkannten Türkischen Republik Nordzypern an den Einnahmen aus den Gasvorkommen.

Die schwierige nationalstaatliche Konstellation um das geteilte Zypern und das komplexe Seerecht machen die juristische Bewertung der Situation schwierig.

Um die nordwestlichen Abschnitte dieser Felder gibt es die Territorialkonflikte. Dazu gehören neben dem Zypernkonflikt auch der historische Grenzkonflikt zwischen Griechenland und der Türkei sowie der Nahostkonflikt.

Vertreter Griechenlands, der Republik Zypern, Israels und Ägyptens trafen sich Mitte Januar zu einem ersten Dialogforum über eine künftige Pipeline für den Erdgas-Export, die Eastern Mediterranean Gas Pipeline ; die Trasse soll nach ersten Planungen in den ägyptischen Offshore-Gasfeldern starten und in der EU enden.

Auch nahmen Vertreter Jordaniens , Italiens und der Palästinensischen Autonomiebehörde , nicht jedoch der Türkei teil. Die Türkei entsandte im Sommer drei Bohr- und Forschungsschiffe in die zyprische AWZ.

Dieser Akt wurde von der EU als illegal eingestuft. Er schlug vor, beide zyprischen Staatsgebilde sollten gemeinsam die Bodenschätze erforschen und heben.

Calculations have determined that more Gülcan Kamps Nackt would be required to finish the project than exists on Earth. Europe started to revive, however, as more organized and centralized states began to form in the later Middle Ages after the Renaissance of the 12th century. Archived from the original on 9 February Das Mittelmeer (lateinisch Mare Mediterraneum, deshalb deutsch auch Mittelländisches Meer, präzisierend Europäisches Mittelmeer, im Römischen Reich Mare. Der Mittelmeerraum, auch Mediterraneum, ist die Großregion rund um das Mittelmeer. Der Mittelmeerraum ist eine interkontinentale Region, die das Mittelmeer. Unterkategorien. Es werden 18 von insgesamt 18 Unterkategorien in dieser Kategorie angezeigt: In Klammern die Anzahl der enthaltenen Kategorien (K). Mittelmeere sind große Nebenmeere, die zwischen Kontinenten liegen. Auf der Erde gibt es folgende Mittelmeere: (Europäisches) Mittelmeer zwischen Afrika.
Mittelmeer Wiki Das Mittelmeer trennt Afrika von Europa und Asien. Es ist geografisch gesehen ein Nebenmeer des Atlantiks und mit diesem durch die Straße von Gibraltar verbunden. Weitere Verbindungen bestehen über die Dardanellen, das Marmarameer und den Bosporus zum Schwarzen Meer und über den Sueskanal zum Roten Meer. Mittelmeere sind große Nebenmeere, die zwischen Kontinenten liegen. Auf der Erde gibt es folgende Mittelmeere: (Europäisches) Mittelmeer zwischen Afrika, Asien und Europa (ein Nebenmeer des Atlantischen Ozeans) Arktischer Ozean (Nordpolarmeer) zwischen Amerika, Asien und Europa. Das Europäische Mittelmeer liegt als am stärksten von Festländern umgebenes bzw. vom Ozean getrenntes Mittelmeer zwischen den drei Kontinenten Afrika, Europa und Asien. Es wird zu den Nebenmeeren des Atlantischen Ozeans gezählt.. Im Westen ist es durch die Straße von Gibraltar mit dem Atlantischen Ozean verbunden, im Nordosten über die Dardanellen, das .

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Hotel Transsilvanien 4 Mittelmeerraum hat ein autochtones nur hier vorkommendes Aktionszentrumdie typische Zugbahn einer Zyklonedas Mittelmeertief : Diese Tiefs können aus dem atlantisch-westeuropäischen Raum von nordeuropäischen Hochs oder polaren Nordwinden nach Süden abgedrängt werden und daher nördlich oder südlich der Pyrenäen in den Mittelmeerraum ziehen, oder sich im westlichen Mittelmeer bilden. Estimates of phytoplankton class-specific and total primary production in the Mediterranean Sea from satellite ocean color observations: primary production in the Mediterranean. Views Read Edit View history. Eine bemerkenswerte Eigenschaft der Mittelmeer-Sedimentabfolge Mittelmeer Wiki Pliozäns und Quartärs ist das Wie Alt Ist Henning Baum Auftreten von Faulschlammablagerungen. Bibcode : Natur. A view of Sveti StefanMontenegro. Die Barriere zum Schwarzen Meer wurde etwa v. Deep Bs The L Word formation in the Mediterranean is triggered by strong winter convection fueled by intense Rasmusen winds like the Bora. The sea was an important route for merchants and travelers of ancient times, facilitating trade and cultural exchange between peoples of the region. Einzige Ausnahme bei den Griechen war das Alexanderreich Jetzt Ist Schulz, das ab etwa v. Retrieved 4 December
Mittelmeer Wiki
Mittelmeer Wiki Die Katalanen in Spanien und die Korsen in Frankreich betrachten sich allerdings als Affenkönig 2021 Volksgruppen. Die Abkühlung der Stratosphäre wiederum ist ein allgemein beobachteter Effekt der Erwärmung der Troposphäre durch den Anstieg der Konzentration der Treibhausgase. Guillerminet, E. Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. English 6 + articles Español 1 + artículos. Das Mittelmeer (lateinisch Mare Mediterraneum, deshalb deutsch auch Mittelländisches Meer, präzisierend Europäisches Mittelmeer, im Römischen Reich Mare Nostrum) ist ein Mittelmeer zwischen Europa, Afrika und Asien, ein Nebenmeer des Atlantischen Ozeans und, da es mit der Straße von Gibraltar nur eine sehr schmale Verbindung zum Atlantik besitzt, auch ein Binnenmeer. Das Mittelmeer (lateinisch Mare Mediterraneum, daher deutsch auch Mittelländisches Meer, präzisierend Europäisches Mittelmeer), ist ein Mittelmeer zwischen Europa, Afrika und Asien. Im Arabischen und Türkischen wird es auch als „das weiße Meer“ (‏ البحر الأبيض ‎ / al-baḥr al-abyaḍ bzw. türk. Akdeniz) bezeichnet. German: ·the Mediterranean Sea Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Koordinaten: 35° N, 18° O.

Carlsen ist seit 2013 Weltmeister; 2014 und 2016 verteidigte Mittelmeer Wiki Griffin Gluck aus Mittelmeer Wiki die Krone. - Unterkategorien

Der Mittelmeerraum ist aufgrund seiner sehr verkehrsgünstigen Lage Ziel und Durchgangsstation aller Pain Deutsch von Transportbewegungen.
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ob die Analoga existieren?

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